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3 edition of Analysis of satellite-derived ozone and water vapor measurements found in the catalog.

Analysis of satellite-derived ozone and water vapor measurements

Analysis of satellite-derived ozone and water vapor measurements

final report for grant NAG 5-1060

by

  • 368 Want to read
  • 25 Currently reading

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Atmospheric chemistry.,
  • Atmospheric physics.,
  • O region.,
  • Methane.,
  • Middle atmosphere.,
  • Nitrous oxides.,
  • Ozone.,
  • Troposphere.,
  • Water-vapor.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesAnalysis of satellite derived ozone and water vapor measurements.
    StatementJohn L. Stanford, principal investigator.
    SeriesNASA contractor report -- NASA CR-193810.
    ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 v.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16125681M

    85th Annual Meeting activity adsorbed adsorption aerosol Air & Waste air leakage air pollution analysis appliances ASHRAE average backdrafting burner levels measurements Meeting & Exhibition method monitors NDIR NDIR analyzer nitrogen dioxide nitrous acid outdoor air oxidized ozone particles passive sampler pCi/L PDCB Phase About Google.   Fast, K. et al. Ozone abundances on Mars from infrared heterodyne spectra I: Acquisition, retrieval, and anticorrelation with water vapor. Icarus , – () ADS. In addition, the balloon-borne methods are used to monitor ozone (15 stations) and water vapor (three stations) vertical distribution in the troposphere and low stratosphere. The air-quality monitoring ozone program is supported by the light aircraft boundary layer profiling and through the continuous surface and tower ozone sampling.   Sensing Our Planet Sensing Our Planet was a publication of the Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS) Project produced from Sadly, we had to discontinue the publication of these interesting articles.

      Scientists may have just found an unexpected new threat to the ozone layer the presence of water vapor, and they occur more quickly at lower temperatures. summer temperature measurements.


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Analysis of satellite-derived ozone and water vapor measurements Download PDF EPUB FB2

Research under this grant has involved analyses of satellite-derived measurements of water vapor and total ozone. Upper tropospheric water vapor data from the Nimbus 7 temperature-humidity infrared radiometer (THIR) micron channel were analyzed by Fourier transformation to provide wavenumber spectra for a case of an upper level system over : John L.

Stanford. "Analysis of satellite-derived ozone and water vapor measurements": final report Analysis of satellite-derived ozone and water vapor measurements book grant NAG   In situ measurements and backward-trajectory analysis of high-concentration, (aerosol, ozone, water vapor, Fu R et al Short circuit of water vapor and polluted air to the global stratosphere by convective transport over the Tibetan Author: Jinqiang Zhang, Jinqiang Zhang, Xue Wu, Shang Liu, Zhixuan Bai, Xiangao Xia, Xiangao Xia, Bing Chen.

systematic evaluation of the ERA ozone and water vapor products, two of the most fundamental and widely used in research atmospheric species. To do so, the ERA ozone and water vapor fields during the s are compared with two sets of independent measurements that were not utilized in generating the reanalysis.

The first are measurements. Relative consistency of upper-tropospheric water vapor measurements from radiosondes and lidars is evaluated by directly comparing the radiosonde and lidar measurements with the GOES-8 water vapor channel observations using a forward modeling approach.

In the case of radiosondes, moisture (relative humidity or dew/frostpoint temperature) and coincident temperature profiles are inserted into a Cited by: 5. Abstract Consistency of upper-tropospheric water vapor measurements from a variety of state-of-the-art instruments was assessed using collocated Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-8 Cited by: 5.

Additionally, MIPAS temper-ature, ozone and water vapour data have been compared to ECMWF operational analysis data for the entire full resolution data period (July to. Book Description. The Instrument and Automation Engineers’ Handbook (IAEH) is the #1 process automation handbook in the world.

Volume two of the Fifth Edition, Analysis and Analyzers, describes the measurement of such analytical properties as composition. Analysis and Analyzers is an invaluable resource that describes the availability, features, capabilities, and selection of analyzers used.

Short-term tubes are intended for the measurement of momentary concentrations. The duration of a short-term measurement is usually in the range of 10 seconds to 15 minutes The measured value shows the actual concentration during the time period covered by the Size: 8MB.

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From instruments to reagents, meters to. Introduction. In Weather Analysis and Forecasting (Second Edition), Meteorological satellites set out around the Earth allow a complete surveillance of the atmosphere.

Satellite imagery gives a global and consistent view of the organization of atmospheric features in a great variety of scales over large areas. FPH profiles are convolved with the MLS averaging kernels for 8 pressure levels from to 26 hPa (~16 to 25 km) to reduce their vertical resolution to that of the MLS water vapor retrievals.

From to 26 hPa the mean FPH–MLS differences are well within the combined measurement uncertainties of. Moreover, satellite-derived estimates show that increases in altitude are associated with decreases in the column amounts of ozone, water vapor Cited by: Sincethe water vapor research team of the Ozone and Water Vapor group at NOAA/ESRL/GML in Boulder, Colorado, has made in situ measurements of atmospheric water vapor mixing ratios (mole fractions) from the lower free troposphere (~2 km) up to the middle stratosphere (~28 km) with small, lightweight, balloon-borne NOAA frost point hygrometers (FPHs).

Direct cross‐section measurements by simultaneously measuring absolute ozone pressures and temperatures and, in addition, performing a gas purity analysis yielded a cross section of ×10 −17 cm 2 with an rms uncertainty of ±% The measurements reported show that the two ozone standards agree to better than ±%.Cited by:   The use of reanalysis data in trend estimation requires exact knowledge of the accuracy of the PWVs derived from the models.

As discussed above, the radiosonde, GPS, and microwave satellite can measure the atmospheric water vapor content with high accuracy of several by: Analysis of ozone and water vapor field measurement data. Washington: Dept. of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Energy and Environment ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, i.e.

To reveal the difference, the vertical profiles of ozone and CO from the measurement of ozone and water vapor by airbus in-service aircraft (MOZAIC) observations over South China are also examined. The seasonal averaged vertical profiles of ozone and CO show obvious enhancements at 2–6 km altitudes in by: 2.

In addition, the retrieval of water vapor in the red band uses air mass factors derived from oxygen measurements at the same wavelength range which reduces the dependency on the numerical Band 8 - IR: water vapor - upper; Band 9 - IR: water vapor - mid; Band 10 - IR: water vapor - lower; Band 11 - IR: cloud-top phase; Band 12 - IR: ozone; Band 13 - IR: clean longwave; Band 14 - IR: longwave; Band 15 - IR: dirty longwave; Band 16 - IR: CO₂ longwave; Full Disk.

GOES-East. All channels; RGBs; GeoColor - True color day / IR night. of some of these gases, such as water vapor and carbon dioxide, play an important role in regulating the amount of energy the atmosphere absorbs and emits back to Earth’s surface.

Water vapor Water vapor is the invisible, gaseous form of water. The amount of water vapor in the atmosphere can vary greatly over time and from one place to another. Channel 4: The "Cirrus" band Wavelength: µm ( - µm) Daytime only This band is centered in a strong water vapor absorption of the electromagnetic spectrum.

What this means is radiation from water vapor (water in a gaseous state) is absorbed and therefore not routinely visible at this wavelength. Plots of (a) the ozone mixing ratio in parts per billion volume (ppbv), (b) the nm backscatter ratio, and (c) the water vapor mixing ratio in g/kg obtained simultaneously from AMOLITE during a hour period on 23–24 June (local time is shown).

These measurements were obtained as part of the instrument's testing phase. The experimental system used in the present investigation was an air-to-water heat pump system, and a schematic diagram is shown in Fig. system was composed of the major components; compressor (1), condenser (2), air cooled evaporator (3), expansion valve (4), a receiver tank (6), a superheater/subcooler (7), a heat exchanger (12) and some auxiliary and measurement by: Learn weather and climate chapter 1 book with free interactive flashcards.

Choose from different sets of weather and climate chapter 1 book flashcards on Quizlet. Previous article in issue: Simultaneous balloonborne measurements of stratospheric water vapor and ozone in the polar regions.

Previous article in issue: Simultaneous balloonborne measurements of stratospheric water vapor and ozone in the polar regions Next article in issue: Response of the middle atmosphere to the solar proton events of August–December, Satellite data, data analysis and ancillary measurements. OMI total ozone column from the TOMS v method is used for total ozone comparisons.

For a tropospheric ozone column estimate, we use the TTOR (Schoeberl et al. ; Doughty et al. ) because it is well-characterized in the mid-Atlantic region (Normile et al. in review).Cited by: Solar Med Atlas, a solar atlas at 1 km around the Mediterranean sea, from Mauritania to Turkey.

Solar Atlas PACA, a m solar atlas of the Provence Alpes Côtes d'Azur region. European projects on Solar, Wind, Biomass, and Daylighting. Dates: - The analysis of long-term MFRSR measurements provides a description of seasonal and inter-annual changes in aerosol parameters and in column amounts of ozone, NO 2 and water vapor as a function of geographical location.

Application of this analysis method to the measurements from growing numbers of MFRSR opens the possibility to build large. 10 Years of Water Vapor and Ozone Soundings at Costa Rica Holger Vömel (National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO) - Low Ozone in the Tropical Tropopause Layer (TTL) Over the Western Pacific Eric J.

Hintsa (Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder, CO). The simultaneous uptake of gas-phase DMS−O3 mixtures by water as a function of temperature (− K) was studied in a bubble train flow reactor.

The uptake data yielded the second-order rate constant for the aqueous-phase reaction DMS + O3 → DMSO + O2. The reaction products were established with NMR analysis. The reaction rate constant k2 was measured at four temperatures: Cited by:   In the second edition of our book "Cotton, W.R.

and R.A. Pielke, Human impacts on weather and climate, Cambridge University Press, pp", we present a new analysis completed for our book by Norm Woods and Graeme Stephens at Colorado State University. This new material discusses the relative role of CO2 and water vapor. Fig. 1 shows that the fits do an excellent job reproducing the MLS measurements (adjusted R 2 = 68% and 70% for the MERRA and ERAi fits, respectively).

Table 1 lists the coefficients from regressions of the MLS data. Of particular note, the positive coefficient for the ΔT index supports a positive stratospheric water vapor feedback: an increase in tropospheric temperatures leads to higher Cited by: Cuiaba (): Measurements of total ozone, solar UV-B, column water vapor and optical thickness for Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA) during the SCAR-B campaign.

This research conducted for NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (Purchase Order No. SZ, ). The global ozone monitoring experiment (GOME) is one of several instruments aboard the European research satellite ERS-2 [], which was launched in It consists of a set of four spectrometers that simultaneously measure sunlight reflected from the Earth's atmosphere and from the ground in four spectral windows covering the wavelength range between and nm with moderate spectral.

American Chemical Society: Chemistry for Life. The three-layer atmosphere model is repeated here to refer to as we apply the analysis of this model to what is observed for Earth’s actual atmosphere.

For the IR-absorbing gases in the Earth’s atmosphere, we have to account for absorptions of different strengths and for condensable and non-condensable gases. History of the study of atmospheric ozone. Richard S. Stolarski. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Greenbelt, MD USA. Abstract. Ozone is a substance that touches on our modern society in many ways.

Ozone is used in industrial processes and as a disinfectant. Ozone is a strong oxidizing agent that is present in photochemical smog.

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Satellite temperature measurements are inferences of the temperature of the atmosphere at various altitudes as well as sea and land surface temperatures obtained from radiometric measurements by measurements can be used to locate weather fronts, monitor the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, determine the strength of tropical cyclones, study urban heat islands and monitor the.

Quantifying simultaneous fluxes of ozone, carbon dioxide and water vapor above a subalpine forest ecosystem. Environmental Pollution(1), DOI: /S(99)Cited by:.

Dear Colleagues. This is an invitation to contribute to the Special Issue, “Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Components and Water Vapor”, regarding the retrieval, analysis and validation of atmospheric components (gases) by remote sensing technique: Water vapor (H 2 O(v)), CO 2 and CH4 as representatives of greenhouse gases; SO 2, NO 2, CO, HCHO, as main trace gases, and obviously ozone .Contributes to the identification of the quasi-biennial oscillation in the stratosphere, including temperature, winds, ozone, water vapor, and tropopause height; Gathers and analyzes climatological data in the Oak Ridge, TN area; s: Clean Air Act Amendments makes air pollution control a national responsibility.Contributed to stratospheric research, emphasizing stratospheric ozone and water vapor.

The ozone hole was discovered inchanging the focus of my research (and everyone else's). 6/ - 6/